INHERITANCE TAX FORM: Limits And 2023 Thresholds

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When you die, your heirs are subject to your inheritance tax, which is calculated at 40% of the amount left to them. If you want to leave assets or money to loved ones after you die, your heirs may be liable for a tax obligation of up to 40% of your estate’s value. After the subtraction of any debts and funeral expenditures, your estate will count as property, savings, and other assets. However, there are several methods for reducing or avoiding Inheritance tax in the UK. Those of which we will discuss in this post alongside inheritance tax thresholds and rates, how it is calculated, and inheritance tax form(s)


Inheritance Tax is a form of taxation on a deceased person’s estate (their property, money, and possessions). If either of the following applies, there is usually no Inheritance Tax to pay:

  • the total value of your estate is less than £325,000
  • if you hand everything over £325,000 to your spouse, civil partner, a charity, or a community amateur sports club.

Even if the estate’s worth is less than the inheritance tax threshold, you must still notify HMRC. Also, your threshold can rise to £500,000 if you give your home to your children (including adopted, foster, or stepchildren) or grandkids.

If your estate is worth less than your inheritance tax threshold and you’re in a civil partnership, any excess threshold transfers to your partner’s threshold after you die. As a result, their limit might be as high as £1 million.

The terms “inheritance tax” and “estate tax” are not synonymous. In contrast to inheritance taxes, which are levied on beneficiaries when they receive assets, estate taxes are charged to the estate itself before handing any assets to beneficiaries.

There is no federal inheritance tax in the UK. Large estates are subject to direct taxation by the UK government, which levies estate taxes and, if applicable, income taxes on any revenues from the deceased estate. However, people who inherit assets from a deceased estate are not subject to the inheritance tax form. 

In the UK, an inheritance tax is purely a state obligation. The value of your inheritance, your relationship to the person who died, and the tax laws in your area all influence whether and at what rate you will get a tax fee on your inheritance.

The state(s) in which the decedent resided or owned property at the time of death levy inheritance tax.

What Is Inheritance Tax UK?

When assets are left to or received from a deceased person’s estate, several states levy an inheritance tax on the individuals who receive them. depending on the state in which the decedent resided or owned property, the magnitude of the inheritance, and the beneficiary’s relationship to the decedent are all factors to consider

Therefore, An inheritance tax form in the UK is a form of taxation levied by certain states on persons who inherit or receive assets from the estate of a deceased person

There are a variety of strategies to reduce or prevent IHT. Additionally, you can give away a certain amount of your money without it counting against your estate throughout your lifetime. There is also a tax-free allowance.

Inheritance Tax And Estate Tax

Inheritance and estate taxes are frequently referred to as “death taxes or duties”. Some countries refer to this form of taxation as “the last twist of the taxman’s knife.” They are, however, two different forms of taxation.

Both charges are based on the deceased’s property’s fair market value at the time of death. However, they impose and deduct taxes from the value of a decedent’s estate While the beneficiary pays inheritance tax on the value of the inheritance received,

In fact, For a single recipient of an estate, the estate, and the inheritance may appear to be equal. Nevertheless, their taxes are different. In rare cases, both estate and inheritance taxes apply to an inheritance.

Inheritance Tax Threshold And Rates

Everyone in the tax year 2021-23 receives a tax-free inheritance tax allowance of £325,000 – known as the nil-rate band. Since 2010-11, the allowance has maintained the same level.

The usual rate of Inheritance Tax is 40% of the estate’s value. The assessment of your estate’s value is based only on the portion of your estate that exceeds the inheritance tax threshold.

Consider the following scenario: if you leave behind a £500,000 estate, the tax payment will be £70,000 (40 % of £175,000, which is the differential between £500,000 and £325,000). However, Marriage or civil union may allow you to leave more money before paying tax on the remaining.

Furthermore, leaving property to a family member may also result in lower inheritance tax payments, under certain circumstances. The amount of this transferable allowance for the tax year 2021-23 is £175,000.

How Much Can I Inherit Without Paying Inheritance Tax?

The amount of money you can inherit without having to pay income taxes is virtually limitless. There are no requirements for beneficiaries to pay income tax on the sums they inherit because there is no such tax.

Inheritance taxes vary based on the state, the value of the inheritance, and the heir’s relationship to the deceased. Inheritance taxes range from 1% to 18% in states that have them. An IHT is possible if you gift 10% or more of your “net worth” to charity in your will.

Avoiding Inheritance Tax

Even though there are several exclusions and exemptions from inheritance tax, particularly for spouses and children, there may still be a desire to avoid or limit them. Particularly if you have considerable assets to leave to your heirs. Generally speaking, measures for accomplishing this require either removing assets from your estate or delaying the distribution of those assets. Among the most common are:

Purchase a life insurance policy in the amount of money you intend to bequest and name the person to whom you wish to leave the money as the policy’s beneficiary. Inheritance taxes do not apply to the death benefit from an insurance policy.

Put your assets in a trust, preferably an irreversible one. This eliminates them from your estate and prevents them from being classified as an inheritance after you pass away. When you establish the trust, you can specify a schedule for the distribution of the funds.

Consider making periodic payments to beneficiaries when you are still alive, rather than leaving a large lump-sum bequest following your death. Gifts are often not subject to state taxation.

Gifts As A Way To Avoid IHT

Some gifts are normally exempt from taxes. Gifts between spouses and civil partners, as well as gifts to charities, are examples.

Other gifts (potentially exempt transfers or PETs) could be tax-free depending on when they got it. Gifts to individuals, businesses, and trusts made more than seven years before your death are tax-free.

If you die within these seven (7) years, the tax payable on the gift may be reduced.

What Do Beneficiaries Pay on Inheritance Tax?

It depends on who they are and where they resided or owned property when the decedent died. Inheritance taxes apply only to estates or property located in one of the six states that levy them.

Inheritance taxes are never levied on surviving spouses. Depending on the state, the deceased’s parents, children, and siblings may be excluded. They may be eligible to inherit up to a certain amount tax-free, or at various rates.

Inheritance tax in the UK primarily affects distant relatives and unrelated heirs.

How Is Inheritance Tax Calculated?

State-by-state inheritance tax estimates differ. Most states classify beneficiaries into various classes based on how close they were to the deceased (immediate, lineal, or unrelated). And then apply varying exemptions and tax rates to each class.

The majority of states only tax inheritances that exceed a particular threshold in value. They then charge a percentage of this amount, which could be flat or progressive, depending on the circumstances

Who Should Pay IHT?

Inheritance tax in the UK is normally paid from your estate if money or property is handed on after you die.

Your estate consists of everything you own, minus debts like your mortgage and bills like funeral costs.

Your heirs pay IHT by the end of the sixth month after your death. Before making a payment, HMRC must issue an inheritance tax reference number three weeks before payment.

In most cases, nonetheless, if the tax is due on gifts you didn’t make during the last seven years before your death, recipients of the gifts are responsible for paying the tax.

If they are unable or unwilling to pay, your estate will pay the debt.

Do I Have To Report The Estate?

In some cases, the value of the deceased’s estate will be added as an ‘excluded estate,’. So you won’t have to disclose it.

Most estates are ‘excepted,’ according to government guidelines. The rules for this, therefore, will vary depending on when they die, who they bequeathed their assets to, and whether or not inheritance tax is owed.

Individual dies on or before December 31, 2023

In most cases, an estate will be excluded if:

  • At the time of the person’s death, its value was below the inheritance tax threshold.
  • Everything in the deceased’s estate was bequeathed to a surviving spouse or civil partner in the UK, or to an eligible registered UK charity, and the estate is worth less than £1 million.
  • When the person died, they had been residing permanently outside of the UK, and their UK assets were worth less than £150,000.

If the person(s) passes away on or after January 1, 2023,

In most cases, an estate will not count if:

  • Its value is less than the current inheritance tax threshold.
  • The value of the estate is less than £650,000, and there will be a transfer of the threshold that was used from the person’s spouse or civil partner
  • If the estate is worth less than £3 million, the deceased bequeathed everything in their estate to their surviving spouse or partner who resides in the UK, or to an eligible registered UK foundation.
  • When the decedent died, they had been residing permanently outside of the UK, and their UK assets were worth less than £150,000.

Inheritance Tax Form

First and foremost, you must petition the Probate Service for a ‘grant of representation.’ You will be able to get probate as a result of this. The executors specified in the will have the authority to deal with the deceased’s estate in this manner.

You’ll be able to access bank accounts, investments, and assets once you receive this award. Then you can figure out how much the estate is worth and whether you’ll have to contribute to HMRC’s coffers. Before you can get a probate grant, you must pay IHT.

Let’s start on those forms now.

Regardless of whether IHT is likely to be payable, you’ll need to fill out some IHT paperwork when your loved one passes away.

Even if you don’t have to pay IHT, you must fill out Form IHT205 to confirm:

  • The value of the estate is less than £325,000.
  • When a previously deceased spouse or civil partner leaves the estate to the person who has died, the value of the estate is less than £650,000.
  • The estate isn’t classified as an “excepted estate.” When an estate is worth less than £1 million and has been given to a surviving spouse or an IHT-exempt organization, there is no IHT liability.

Simply fill out the IHT205 form with a few details about the estate to inform HMRC that no IHT is due.

Where Can I Send It To?

Inheritance Tax will be due if your loved one’s estate is worth more than £325,000. You’ll need to fill out Form IHT400 in this scenario. Within one year of the death, you must return this inheritance tax form to HMRC. It’s worth noting that interest begins to accrue after six months, so you’ll want to move immediately.

Remember that you’ll need an IHT reference number before sending your IHT400 to HMRC if you have to pay Inheritance tax in the UK. This can be obtained through the government’s website or by filling out the Inheritance tax form IHT422 (application for an IHT reference).

Request this reference number at least three weeks before mailing your IHT400.

Another is the IHT402. This allows you to claim any unused Inheritance tax threshold from a spouse or civil partner who has passed away. Then there’s the IHT435 form. This allows you to claim the nil rate band for your home.

Please send your completed forms to the following address:

HM Revenue and Customs BX9 1HT United Kingdom  Inheritance Tax

The government website has a complete list of Inheritance Tax forms (s).


In conclusion, inheritance tax is primarily applicable for use by distant relatives or individuals who are not in any way related to the dead. Spouses are always exempt, and immediate family members—children, parents, and siblings—are frequently excused as well.  Siblings, grandchildren, and grandparents get more lenient tax treatment than other people if they tax them at all (larger exemptions, lower rates). As a result, persons who wish to leave bequests to people who are susceptible to inheritance taxation may want to explore various estate-planning measures to avoid death duty.


What is the best way to leave an inheritance?

One of the most common and popular options among parents wishing to leave an inheritance for their children is a trust account. An irrevocable life insurance trust allows the proceeds of your life insurance policy to be deposited into the trust account when you pass away.

Do I need to report inheritance to IRS?

Inheritances are not considered income for federal tax purposes, whether you inherit cash, investments, or property. However, any subsequent earnings on the inherited assets are taxable, unless it comes from a tax-free source.

What is form IHT217?

Use form IHT217 with form IHT205 (or C5 (2006) in Scotland) to claim a transfer of unused nil-rate band if the estate is an excepted estate and the whole of the nil-rate band is available to transfer.

Do you have to declare inheritance to HMRC?

Do you need to declare inheritance money? Yes. You’ll need to notify HMRC that you’ve received inheritance money, even if no tax is due. If it is, you’ll be expected to pay the tax within six months of the death of your loved one

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Use form IHT217 with form IHT205 (or C5 (2006) in Scotland) to claim a transfer of unused nil-rate band if the estate is an excepted estate and the whole of the nil-rate band is available to transfer.

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Do you need to declare inheritance money? Yes. You'll need to notify HMRC that you've received inheritance money, even if no tax is due. If it is, you'll be expected to pay the tax within six months of the death of your loved one

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